Lithium Batteries have come to revolutionise the renewable energy sector. Lithium presents a unique set of ability as it’s not affected by most compounds and is light in weight, the low reduction potential presents unbeatable performance.
The most popular type is the lithium-ion battery which courtesy of its low power density and high energy dispersion has become the rechargeable battery of choice among the general population commonly found in rechargeable batteries in phones and laptops. As part of the united nation efforts to urge people to move to cleaner and more reliable energy.
The current standard of lithium-ion battery is known as 333 meaning it contains 3 parts of cobalt,3 parts of magnesium and 3 parts of nickel, in the near future we shall see more batteries using ,ore parts of nickel which attributes to increased performance and less elements of cobalt consequently reducing the production costs one of the most recent development is the effort to replace the commonly used graphite anode with silicon which is ten times denser,the only challenge is that silicon easily degenerates although this is yet to be implemented .
The most important thing is that the competition among the battery manufacturers makes them set apart a lot of funds for innovation, meaning that we could see the replacement of the electrolyte which is currently liquid with a solid form which is safer. While at the same time improving the energy density. If these technologies come into use, then we could do away with gasoline shortly fully embracing clean energy through smart battery options.
Automakers such as BMW, Toyota, and Tesla are revolutionising creating hybrid and electric cars, countries are also developing laws to regulate the level of emission, and this calls for improving the standard lithium batteries to enable them to run huge machinery, research has also shown that there is high demand for environmentally friendly cars.due to mass production the lithium batteries will become more affordable to the general population.
Lithium, the primary material in the manufacture of the battery, is in vast reserves and is not likely to diminish in future; however, there is are concerns that the reserves are only found in a few countries, and political factors could cause a worldwide shortage,Despite this, the revolution will happen forcing the world to dump fossil fuels since the development of mobile phones in 1980’s the demand for lithium batteries have been on a rise and renewable energy is the way to go.